||Text from "Andy's Trip,"
Thomas Nast Illustration:
"I have discharged all my duties and fulfilled all my
"Treason against the Government is the highest crime
that can be committed, and those engaged in it should suffer all its
"The day for protecting the land and negroes of these authors of
rebellion is past."
"After making treason odious every Union man should be
remunerated out of the pockets of those who have inflicted this great suffering on the
country. Their great plantations must be seized and divided into small farms, and sold to
honest, industrious men."
"Many years ago I moved in the Legislature of
Tennessee that the apportionment of representatives in Congress should be by qualified
voters. The apportionment is now fixed until 1872; before that time we might change the
basis of representation from population to qualified voters, North as well as South, and
in due course of time the States, without regard to color, might extend the elective
franchise to all who possessed certain mental, moral, or such other qualifications as
might be determined by an enlightened public judgment."
"In calling a
Convention to restore the State, who shall restore and re-establish it? Shall the man who
gave his influence and his means to destroy the Government? Is he to participate in the
great work of reorganization? Shall he who brought this misery upon the State be permitted
to control its destinies? If this be so, then all this precious blood of our brave
soldiers and officers, so freely poured out, will have been wantonly
"Why all this carnage and devastation? It was that treason might
be put down and traitors punished. Therefore I say that traitors should take a back seat
in the work of restoration. If there be but five thousand men in Tennessee loyal to the
Constitution, loyal to Freedom, loyal to Justice, those true and faithful men should
control the work of reorganization and reformation absolutely. I say that the traitor has
ceased to be a citizen, and, in joining the rebellion, has become a public enemy. He
forfeited his right to vote with loyal men when he renounced his citizenship and sought to
destroy our Government. We say to the most honest and industrious foreigner who comes from
England or Germany to dwell among us, and to add to the wealth of our country, 'Before you
can be a citizen you must stay here for five years.' If we are so cautious about
foreigners, who voluntarily renounce their homes to live with us, what should we say to
the traitor who, although born and reared among us, has raised a parricidal hand against
the Government which always protected him? My judgment is, that he should be subjected to
a sever ordeal before he is restored to citizenship." - Extracts from Speeches by Andrew
"Where is the man or woman who can place his finger
upon one single act of mine deviating from any pledge of mine!"
"I hold it a solemn obligation in every one of these
States where the rebel armies have been beaten back or expelled, I care not how small the
number of Union men, if enough to man the ship of State, I hold it to be a high duty to
protect and secure to them a Republican form of government until they again gain strength.
They must not be smothered by inches."
"These rebel leaders must feel the
power of the Government; treason must be made odious, and traitors must be punished and
"You have been deeply pained by so me things that come under
your observation. We get men in command who, under the influence of flattery, fawning, and
caressing, grant protection to rich traitors, while the poor Union mans stands out in the
cold. Traitors can get lucrative contracts, while the loyal man is pushed
"The power of those persons who made the attempt (at rebellion) has
been crushed, and now we want to reconstruct the State Governments, and have the power to
do it. The State institutions are prostrated, laid out on the ground, and they must be
taken up and adapted to the progress of events: this can not be done in a moment. We are
making very rapid progress - so rapid that I sometimes can not realize it. It appears like
a dream. We must not be in too much of a hurry. It is better to let them reconstruct
themselves than force them to it; for, if they go wrong, the power is in our hands, and we
can check them in any stage to the end, and oblige them to correct their
"If I were in Tennessee I should try to introduce Negro Suffrage
gradually: first, those who had served in the army; those who could read and write; and
perhaps a property qualification for others - say $200 or $250."
who takes the oath merely to save his property, and denies the validity of the oath, is a
perjured man, and not to be trusted. Before these repenting rebels can be trusted let them
bring forth the fruits of repentance. He who helped to make all these widow and orphans,
who draped the streets of Nashville in mourning, should suffer for his great
"If a man who gave his means to destroy the Government should be
permitted to participate in the great work of reorganization, then all the precious blood
so freely poured out will have been wantonly spilled, and all our victories go for naught.
- Extracts from speeches by Andrew Johnson.